Phase II – Venetoclax
Learn more about the latest clinical trials in Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia.
Phase II study of venetoclax for Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia
- In a multicenter phase 2 clinical trial evaluating venetoclax in patients with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia, 32 patients were enrolled.1
- The median number of prior therapies was 2 (range 1-10), and 16 patients were previously treated with a BTKi. All patients carried the MYD88L265P mutation and 17 also had a CXCR4 mutation.2,3,4,5
Figure 1: Study design of the phase II venetoclax study. Derived from Castillo J, et al. Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia 2019; 19 (10) Supp E39-E402
- The overall response rate (ORR) was 84% which included very good partial response (VGPR 6,7), partial response (PR 8,9), and minor response (MR, [n=1, 3%) with no patient attaining a complete response
- The overall response rate was lower in those with refractory versus relapsed disease (60% vs 95%, p=0.03) and patients who received ≥ 3 vs < 3 prior lines of therapy (63% v 95%, p=0.04)
- A major response rate (MRR) of 81% was observed across all patients and was significantly lower in those with refractory versus relapsed disease (50% vs 95%, p=0.07)
- Prior BTKi exposure and CXCR4 mutational status were not associated with a lower ORR or MRR
- The median time to minor and major responses was 1.9 and 5.1 months respectively. Previous exposure with BTKis was associated with a longer time to response (4.5 vs 1.4 months, p<0.01)
Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS)
- The 12- and 24-month PFS rates were 83% and 80% respectively
- All 32 patients were alive at the time of data cutoff, for a 30-month OS of 100%
- Generally the treatment was well-tolerated
- Thirty-one patients (94%) experienced a grade ≥ 2 adverse event
- The only grade 4 adverse events were neutropenia (n=6) and febrile neutropenia (n=1). All patients received G-CSF, and all events were resolved with a median of 4 days (range, 0-17 days)
- Laboratory tumor lysis without clinical sequelae occurred in one patient
- Venetoclax is safe and highly active in patients with previously treated WM, including those previously treated with BTKis.
- CXCR4 mutation status did not affect treatment response.
- A study combining ibrutiniband venetoclaxin previously untreated patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia is ongoing (NCT04273139)
- ibrutiniband venetoclaxin previously untreated patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia is ongoing (NCT04273139)